Artificial Intelligence in HealthCare

In this SmartGeneration, Artificial Intelligence has got its prominence in various zones of life. Artificial Intelligence refers to the manmade brains or technology which supports different types of activities like the human brain does. Colloquially called Machine Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence is nothing but the intelligence shown by machines, computers, etc., this is different from the natural intelligence shown by Human & Animal brains. In the modern era, artificial intelligence has a lot of significance as it can maximize the chances of success.

Being a wide and exclusive branch of Computer Science, Artificial intelligence deals with the making and designing of machines that can par with human intelligence and give better and effective outputs. Artificial Intelligence can help us decrease the manpower required and perform tasks quickly and can also store the data safely. This makes AI, a very prominent discipline in all walks of modern life.

John McCarthy, one of the great innovators of the world is the Father of Artificial Intelligence, termed the word Artificial Intelligence.AI is just to mimic human intelligence. Artificial Intelligence being introduced as an academic discipline in 1955, has its significance in various spectrums of life such as Robots, Smart Assistants are the examples of Artificial Intelligent Machines. There are a large number of inventions and developments made in AI since its introduction.

Artificial Intelligence

 

AI is being used in diverse fields of human activities for a better result. Let’s see some of the field applications where AI is being used and performing better than the Natural Human brains.

Applications of Artificial Intelligence:

  • Astronomy
  • Banking
  • Construction
  • Defense
  • Ecommerce
  • Financial Investments
  • Healthcare
  • Industries
  • Education
  • Entertainment
  • Agriculture
  • Marketing
  • Disaster management
  • Virtual Assistants& Chatbots
  • Security & Surveillance
  • Social Media Monitoring etc.

Artificial Intelligence has a key role in each and every field it’s being deployed. But in healthcare, it has a very major part which is saving lakhs of lives in few minutes. Artificial intelligence has fewer errors and more efficient when compared to natural brains so it is doing wonders in the field of medical science.

Uses of AI in HealthCare: Artificial Intelligence is serving mankind in several ways. One of such important services is the usage of it in HealthCare Services. It has undergone numerous applications and developments in the Medical Field. Machine Intelligence is something that reduces errors and has greater efficiency. This can be perfectly used to treat people and also help medical staff reduce the burden. Here are some examples where AI is serving HealthCare.

  • Pager: Proactive Healthcare Management
  • PathAI: Improving Diagnostic Pathology
  • Enlitic: Deep Learning For Actionable Insights
  • Freenome: Earlier Cancer Detection
  • Zebra Medical Vision: AI-powered Radiology Assistant
  • Buoy Health: An Intelligent Health Checker
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center: Diagnosing deadly blood diseases faster

Artificial Intelligence

PAGER: Proactive Healthcare Management is a mobile app belonging to the Healthcare industry located in New York. It uses AI to serve people in minor aches, pains, and illnesses. It also helps people fix appointments and make payments. It analyses the data provided by the patient and records it for further use. Chatting and Video calling with a nurse or doctor is also available in Pager. It is 24/7service.

Located in Boston, Belonging to Health Diagnostics, PathAI creates AI-powered technology for PathAI

PATHAK: PathAI is located in Cambridge, Massachusetts which deals with accurate Cancer diagnosis using AI. It is one of the best examples of emerging AI technology in the healthcare industry. It is developing Machine Learning technology to assist pathologists in making more accurate diagnoses. Reducing errors in cancer diagnosis and developing methods for individualized medical treatment is the company’s current goals.

To expand PathAI’s AI technology into other healthcare industries, it has worked with drug developers like Bristol-Myers Squibb and organizations like the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

ENLITIC: MIT named Enlitic the 5th smartest Artificial Intelligence Company in the world, ranking above Facebook and Microsoft. It is located in San Francisco, California. The company’s motto is to develop an AI Deep Learning platform for actionable insights in Healthcare. It develops Deep Learning medical tools to streamline radiology diagnoses.

The Deep Learning platform developed by the company analyses unstructured medical data like radiology images, blood tests, EKGs, genomics, patient medical history and so on, to give doctors better insight into a patient’s real-time needs. The model developed will immediately interpret scans, enabling a radiologist to prioritize their worklist based on the findings in each study. Then read studies alongside radiologists detect rare and subtle findings, provide descriptions, and generate reports. It also provides a post-read analysis to prevent under-called findings.

FREEDOM: Freenome works with earlier detection of Cancer with AI. Located in San Francisco, California. It uses AI in screenings, diagnostic tests, and blood work to test for cancer. The application of AI in this makes people to detect cancer at their earlier stages. This leads to developing the healthcare industry with AI technology in different aspects.It aims to detect cancer in its earliest stages by deploying AI at general screenings and subsequently develop new treatments. It finds different patterns related to cancer and predicts a suitable pattern related to cancer-based on screenings and detects cancer at earlier stages. It works as follows: “Spot the pattern. Treat cancer”.

ZEBRA MEDICAL VISION: Located in Shefayim, Israel. Zebra Medical Vision’s mission is to provide radiologists the tools they need to make the next leap inpatient care. The demand for medical imaging services is continuously increasing, outpacing the supply of qualified radiologists and stretching them to produce more output, without compromising patient care. Adopting new technology that remarkably enhances the capabilities of radiologists, can this crisis be mitigated.

Zebra Medical Vision provides radiologists with an AI-enabled assistant that receives imaging scans and automatically analyses them for various clinical findings it has studied. The findings are passed onto radiologists, who take the assistant’s reports into consideration when making a diagnosis. By this, we can use accessible AI for radiology integrated into the workflow, empower radiology, identify high-risk patients earlier and facilitate disease prevention programs and so on.

BUOY HEALTH: Buoy Health is an AI-based symptom and cure checker that uses algorithms to diagnose and treat illness. Here’s how it works: a chatbot listens to a patient’s symptoms and health concerns, then guides that patient to the correct care based on its diagnosis. Harvard Medical School is just one of the many hospitals and healthcare providers that uses Buoy’s AI to help diagnose and treat patients more quickly.

Step by Step working of Buoy Health:

  1. Talk through your symptoms
  2. Get feedback on your symptoms
  3. Will guide you to the right service based on our condition
  4. If you give permission to Buoy Health, they will follow up on you via text
  5. Hear from people who’ve experienced similar symptoms and help others with our own story.

BETH ISRAEL DEACONESS MEDICAL CENTER: Harvard University’s teaching hospital, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, which is located in Boston, Massachusetts, is using Artificial Intelligence to diagnose potentially deadly blood diseases at a very early stage. This indicates the growth of the healthcare industry through Artificial Intelligence.

Doctors are using AI-enhanced microscopes to scan for harmful bacterias like E. coli and staphylococcus in blood samples at a faster rate than is possible using manual scanning. The scientists used 25,000 images of blood samples to teach the machines how to search for bacteria. The machines then learned how to identify and predict harmful bacteria in blood with 95% accuracy.

AI is a miracle that happened in the medical industry. Even a small error can lead to fatal situations but AI being more accurate and efficient as well as error-free is saving the lives of crores of people. Time is the prime factor in the case of healthcare, using AI we can give results and reports within a very short span with which one can get better treatment in time and get cured easily.

We being surrounded by the pandemic are also dependent on apps developed and running through AI to get information and analysis about the current situation. So Artificial Intelligence is like an Angel to the Modern Medical Industry.