What is GST?
The Goods and Services Tax is a single indirect tax that replaced central taxes like the Central excise, Service Tax etc. The new system replaces central levies like customs duty, service tax with one uniform indirect taxation rate for all goods across the country which should make life easier for businesses trying to manage an increasingly competitive market space.
GST full form
GST stands for Goods and Services Tax. GST is a tax levied on goods, services, and foodstuff that was previously taxed by various central government agencies. The replacement of these disparate taxes with one uniform indirect tithe has caused many changes to how things are sold in India today – including improved price transparency for consumers!
Why has GST been introduced?
One of the main reasons for introducing a Goods and Services Tax in India is to simplify taxes on companies, consumers, and suppliers alike. Instead of charging them multiple different rates depending on where they are located along an administration process that can be lengthy with all its various steps from producing goods until delivering it right into your hands at checkout counters across stores nationwide–GST would only have one rate which makes things easier for everyone involved!
GST will streamline the process of collecting taxes by integrating most into a single one, with allowances for those who have already paid some at previous stages. This new structure has been predicted to be easier on both businesses and government officials as it is much simpler than current schemes in place now!
What are the major types of GST?
CGST (Central Goods and Services Tax)
The Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) is a tax on goods and services that have been introduced in the Indian Union Budget. It will be levied at each stage of production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services by all entities operating within India. The CGST will subsume all indirect taxes including central excise duty, additional excise duty, cesses such as Swachh Bharat Cess or Krishi Kalyan Cess; Value Added Tax (VAT), entertainment tax; purchase tax, etc., except taxes on imports.
SGST (State Goods and Services Tax)
The SGST is an indirect tax on the supply of goods and services. It has been introduced in India by the Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 to replace various taxes levied at different stages of production like excise duties, sales tax (VAT), central sales tax (CST), octroi, etc. The SGST Act provides that where any good or service has only one place of supply then it shall be liable for SGST leviable on such supply. Where a good or service has more than one place of supply then each supplier will have to pay GST which would be calculated on the total value excluding input credit whichever is lower.
IGST (Integrated Goods and Services Tax)
IGST is a tax imposed on the inter-state supply of goods and services. It’s applicable when two states exchange products, for example between Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh or even within India with both importation/exportation taxed equally in three categories based on intent – Communal Goods & Services Tax (CGST), Normal Levies And Duties Of Import Transactions(NDTD), Excise Evasion Facilitation program.
The taxation was implemented to increase revenue but at times it may result in lower growth rates because producers will shift focus onto other countries which have lower taxes rather than staying put leading them away from production altogether.
(UTGST) Union Territory Goods and Services Tax
The Union Territory Goods and Services Tax (UTGST) is a new indirect tax levied on the supply of products or services in any of India’s territories governed by a union territory, viz Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Daman & Diu, Dadra Nagar Haveli Lakshadweep. It has been decided to implement UTGst along with Central Sales Tax from April 1st, 2018.
Benefits of GST
GST will help in reducing inflation by removing indirect taxes at the state borders. It may result in higher inflation, but manufacturing activity would increase due to a reduction in logistics cost. Thus, resulting in providing jobs and reducing unemployment.
Uniformity of tax rates and structures
The GST is a revolutionary tax system in India. The goal of this new legislation was to make doing business easier, more streamlined, and less complicated for companies that operate nationally or internationally while at the same time ensuring consistency between rates from different states because under such circumstances there would be no difference if you’re making purchases within your own country versus another country with whom trade might occur.
Beneficial for fast-moving consumer goods
The GST would be beneficial for FMCG (Fast Moving Consumer Goods) industry as currently, their product price does not include taxes imposed by state governments when they enter that particular state from another state in India thus resulting in a loss in revenue for producers because of double taxation on same products when transferred from one- The GST levy has been kept low so as to ensure that no major hike takes place for daily use commodities. It is expected to bring down the tax burden on individuals as well as business entities.
Removes economic distortions
GST will be imposed only at the final destination of consumption based on a VAT principle, which helps remove economic distortions and brings about development for common national markets.
Equitation distribution between two sectors
In the GST system, when all taxes are integrated and processed together for a single rate of taxation across both manufacturing and services industries. It would make possible an equitable distribution between those sectors as their respective tax burdens change now with separate rates depending on where goods or services originate from within each category (e.g., crude oil taxed differently than refined fuel).
The introduction of the Goods and Services Tax eliminated an old problem that India has had for centuries. Because taxes are collected only on value-added at every stage, there is no cascading effect due to indirect taxation within our country anymore- now all regions contribute equally towards government revenue through this new tax system which was designed with their needs in mind so they would have more resources available when developing policies or implementing changes regarding economic growth initiatives if needed down the line.